The study finds that the Planning Grant Program helped its local grantees to break down barriers to collaboration within government and across sectors by incentivizing them to:
- Create new collaborative structures, which intensified the representation of stakeholders typically left out of decision-making processes and supported deeper community engagement
- Broaden the range of substantive areas actively considered in regional plans, including affordable housing, economic development, transit access, public health, and the environment
- Expand the resources devoted to collaborative regional planning processes, and
- Diversify participation across jurisdictional boundaries (e.g., by promoting engagement between city, suburban and exurban governments).